Various theories exist regarding the mystery of who lies buried in the tomb.
The figure buried in Kitora Tumulus is still unidentified.
The names of various figures have been raised as possibilities, including Prince Takechi no Miko, son of Emperor Tenmu; Kudara no Konikishi Shojo, a high-ranking official; and Abe no Miushi, Minister of the Right, since the area around the tomb is called Abeyama.
◎What we know and do not know today
Judging from the surviving bones and teeth, the deceased was a large, middle-aged man.
The lavish burial goods and wooden coffin also indicate someone of high standing.